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2022 Speakers

Manuel Tornel Martinez

Manuel Tornel Martinez, Speaker at Plant Biology Conferences
Instituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario, Spain
Title : Embryo rescue in mediterranean table grapes


The embryo rescue technique has been widely applied to embryo germination of stenospermic grapesin breeding programmes. In the stenospermocarpic genotype, the embryo abort after fertilization during development, so the selection of the sampling time and the growth medium are the most crucial to the success of this technique. This study investigated the effect of best sampling time and media composition on embryo rescue to avoid the high mortality rate. We sampled ovules 5 to 9 weeks after flowering,and we tried adding benzylaminopurine (BA) to the culture medium. The greatest percentages of embryo germination and normal plantlets were obtained when ovules were harvest at 8 weeks after flowering, indicating that it is suitable to harvest ovules at veraison. Murashige and Skoog medium with salts dissolved in half (MS1/2) was used with BA 0; 0,5 and0,25 mM. The percentage of embryos that developed cotyledons and roots were 5,8% with MS1/2 medium, 30,9% with MS1/2+BA 0,5mM and 42,7% with MS1/2+BA 0,25mM. Therefore, the 8-weeks-after-flowering harvest time and the MS1/2+BA 0,25mM medium were selected for use in the embryo rescue protocol in our breeding program.


Agronomist engineer with a PhD in agricultural research that leads the table grape team at IMIDA, the public institute for agricultural research. Together with ITUM, we have developed a genetic breeding program to obtain new varieties of seedless table grapes, using biotechnological techniques such as in vitro culture and molecular markers to obtain seedlings. Breeder of 20 new varieties already being grown in Spain; the first commercial farms are being stablished in Chile, Peru, Brazil, Mexico, Namibia and Australia, with South Africa, India and USA to follow in the next few years. Two of the varieties have genes for resistance to powdery mildew, focusing on organic farming.

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