2023 Speakers

Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer

Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer, Speaker at Plant Biology conferences - 2022
Techno-Economic-Environmental Study and Check Consultancy Services, India
Title : Environmental Health Impact Assessment (EHIA) Processing Investigations During the Post Covid World for an Efficient Plant Biology and Biotechnology Towards Sustainable Development

Abstract:

Many plant biology and biotechnological industries are increasing to fight the pandemic. Sustainable development is a kind of development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability and efficiency of future generations to meet their own needs. Environmental health impact assessment (EHIA) can be defined as the systematic identification and evaluation of   the potential environment health   impacts or effects of plant biology and biotechnology industrial projects, plans, programs, policies or legislative actions relative to the physical-chemical, biological, cultural and socioeconomic components of the total environment (1).  EHIA is proposed for all the plant biology and biotechnology engineering plants for sustainable development (2).Total quality management (TQM) is based on quality and sustainability management from the customer’s point of view (3). TQM processes are divided into four sequential categories: plan, do, check, and act. This is also called the PDCA cycle for continuous process improvement. In the planning phase, bio- industrialists define the problem to be addressed, collect relevant data, and ascertain the problem’s root cause; in the doing phase, bios industrialists develop and implement a solution, and decide upon a measurement to gauge its effectiveness and efficiency; in the checking phase, bio industrialists confirm the result through before-and-after data comparison; in the acting phase, bio industrialists document their results, inform others about process changes, and make recommendations for the problem to be addressed in the next PDCA  cycle. The industries must adopt the triple bottom line framework towards the   concept of economic, environmental, and social entrepreneurship (4). Environmental impact assessment can be defined as the systematic identification and evaluation of the potential environmental impacts (effects) of the proposed plant biology and biotechnology industrial projects, plans, policies, programs, or legislative actions relative to the physical-chemical, biological, bio-chemical    ,   biophysical, cultural, socio-economic, and anthropological components of the total environment(5). Strategic environmental assessment (sea) process can be broadly defined as a study and check of the potential impacts (effects) of a proposed project, program, plan, policy or legislative action on the environment and sustainability (6).The legislation of EIA process was established in 1970 by the enactment of the National Environment Policy Act (NEPA) in the USA. This was first time that EIA process became an official tool in scientific sector to protect the environment. Three of the significant terms while complying with the requirements of NEPA process are “environment inventory”, “environment impact assessment process”, and “environment impact statement”.  EIAs of design research structures were undertaken in order to protect environment during the year 1950 in Japan, Europe and North America (7).  The purpose of the EIA process is to encourage the consideration of the environment in organizational planning and decision making process. Historically, the choice of proposed projects, policies, plans, programs, permits, procedures or legislations was primarily based on only one criterion called economic viability. Today, it is necessary to consider three criteria of economic, environment and social viabilities.

The pre covid World has been characterized by the passage of legislation dealing with the environment including legislations of control of water, air and land pollution, solid and hazardous waste management, resource conservation and recovery protection (RCR), and soil and groundwater remediation. It is proposed that   Industry 4.0 impacts (effects include source specific, industry-specific, and generic generation or decay  ) protocol for SEA process for the performance of sustainable  environmental plant biology and biotechnology industrial engineering plants is helpful for sustainable development. SEA process is a predictable process that is devised in to two phases (8). The first phase is called initial environment and sustainability evaluation (IESE) and the second phase is environment and sustainability impact studies (ESIS). IESE has been carried out for genetically modified  Bt Cottons  and genetically modified naturally pigmented colour  seed-cotton (or kapas) varieties   during the research year 1992-1993  at Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology ,  Bombay to determine whether potentially adverse effects on environment and sustain efficacy with respect to physical, chemical, biological, economical, socio-economic environment and on human health and well-being are significant or whether mitigation measures can be adopted to reduce or eliminate adverse environment and sustainability impacts (9). Detailed SEA procedure can be called as ESIS that was applied to identify and evaluate  the environment and sustainability consequences   both beneficial and adverse impacts  in order to  ensure that the environment and sustainability impacts were taken in to consideration in organization’s planning and  decision  making process (10). SEA process is designed to identify and predict the potential impacts of the physical, biological, ecological, socio-economic, cultural environment and on human health and well-being are adequately protected (11) .

Biography:

Dr. Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer studied Environmental Science and Engineering Chemistry at the Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, India and post graduated as M.Tech.  in 1998. He received his PhD degree in 2003 at the same institution. He has served in Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)during 1985-1998 as a Technical Officer. Then served as Professor in Environmental Science and Engineering, Haramaya University, (FDRE) Harar, Ethiopia during 2014-2015.  After one year, postdoctoral fellowship and PDF elaboration were  supervised by Prof.Dr.Nikos E. Mastorakis  in World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society (WSEAS), Athens ,  GREECE. Dr. Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer published more than 360 research articles in peer reviewed journals and conference proceedings / Books.

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