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2023 Speakers

Bonnin Marie

Bonnin Marie, Speaker at Plant Biotechnology Conferences
University of Corsica, France
Title : Physiological and biochemical determinant of salt stress tolerance in diploid and tetraploid citrus


Polyploid species are generally considered to have better adaptative abilities than diploids. Previous work has shown that phenotypic variations are induced in the aerial citrus plant part related to stress resistance and polyploidy. However, information regarding the impact of polyploidy on the functioning of the root system are still scarce. Our objectives were to study the physiological, biochemical and genetic determinants regarding salt stress tolerance in diploid and tetraploid rootstock in an intra- or inter-specific genetic context (diploids lined with relatively fixed genotypes that could be similar to autotetraploids and diploids lined with a hybrid between two genotypes belonging to the genera Citrus and Poncirus that could be similar to an allotetraploid) in control and salt stress conditions. Salt stress adversely affects physiological and biochemical processes associated with plant growth, development and yield. A set of responses at cellular, molecular, metabolic, physiological allows plants to overcome the negative effect of salinity. Under salinity condition, all the tested genotypes showed a different response to salinity. Diploid Poncirus was shown to be the most sensitive genotype. The most salt stress tolerant rootstocks, especially the tetraploids, presented (1) a maintaining for a longer time of their photosynthetic activities, (2) stronger antioxidant defence mechanisms, (3) a better capacity for storage, transport and absorption of minerals and nutrients. Moreover, statistical analysis of the data revealed the interaction of ploidy and stress is the main factor that explains the response of the plants.



Currently in Ph.D at the University of Corsica on the project "polyploidy and adaptation to environmental constraints determining physiological, biochemical genetic tolerance of tetraploid rootstocks of citrus". I have a Master degree in Biology and Plant Valorization " of the University of Strasbourg speculation "Molecular Biology and Biotechnology of Plants". In 2018, I joined the team "RNA degradation" at the Institute of Plant Molecular Biology (IBMP). This allowed me to participate in the project "Identification of TUTases involved in viral RNA uridylation of Turnip Mosaic Virus" where I performed a transcriptomic study by RNAseq, using Illumina high-throughput sequencing. In January 2019, my research in Strasbourg focused on the functional study of the UCN endonuclease, a component of Processing bodies (PB) in Arabidopsis thaliana.

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