2021 Speakers

Ivan Visentin

Speaker at Plant Biology and Biotechnology 2021 - Ivan Visentin
University of Turin, Italy
Title : Role of the strigolactones under drought in tomato

Abstract:

Strigolactones (SL) are a class of plant hormones with various functions in plant development and in the interaction with (micro) organisms in the rhizosphere. As developmental regulators the SLs control above- and below-ground morphology, the inhibition of shoot branching, the modulation of the root morphology and the promotion of the shoot secondary growth. Recently, a role of SL in plant responses to drought stress has been also demonstrated. SL biosynthetic mutants show a decreased stomatal sensitivity to ABA and therefore a more sensitive to drought. They are also hypothesized to contribute to the root-to shoot drought communication. The differential induction of SL production in the root and shoot under water stress in several model plants, supports this hypothesis. The SL involvement in the drought acclimatization has been also in part described: they influence stomatal activity in ABA-dependent and independent ways but so far, the knowledge about the molecular factors involved in this modulation is little. In our studies we are investigating about the downstream possible effectors of SL action under drought stress in tomato plants. The miR156, a small RNA with a characterized role in the plant development and stress responses is resulted a good candidate of the ABA-dependent subset of drought responses triggered by SL. Analysis of its effects on target mRNA stability, tomato ecophysiology and stomatal behaviour confirmed this possible role. Finally, in our very recent study the module SL/miR156 seems to be involved also for full memory of stress at the guard-cell level in tomato plants subjected to more dehydration cycles.

Audience Take Away:
• My talk will give an overview about the general endogenous and exogenous activities of the strigolactones
• My talk could be interesting for the researchers studying the molecular/physiological mechanisms involved in the water stress responses (possibly by involving another hormone signaling pathways)
• I will focus my talk about the “recovery mechanisms” by highlighting the behavior of the plants submitted a reiterated water stress (“memory of the stress”)
• My talk could be the starting point to discuss about a possible agronomical exploitation of the role of the strigolactones in the water stress tolerance

Biography:

Dr. Ivan Visentin studied and graduated in Plant biotechnology at the University of Turin in the 2004. He obtained the PhD in the Biology and Biotechnology in the 2008 at the University of Turin with a study on the mycotoxigenic fungi  in maize. Successively he joined to the research group of the Prof. Andrea Schubert before as post-doc and today as Staff Researcher Associate in the Plant Physiology at Turin University. Expertise in molecular plant physiology, his researches focus on the interaction between strigolactones (SL), abscisic acid (ABA) and some microRNAs under drought conditions in tomato and Arabidopsis plants. Recently, his research has been investigating the role played by mir156 and the SL under recurring water stress conditions in tomato. He is also involved in the management of StrigoLab, an academic spin-off focused on the production and developing of synthetic SL-related molecules and of SL-enriched biostimulants (www.strigolab.eu).

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