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2024 Speakers

Resmi A

Resmi A, Speaker at Plant Biotechnology Conferences
SN College Punalur, India
Title : Substitutes of Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth in ayurveda: Comparative analysis of properties and prospective for scientific validation


Herbal medicines are the principal constituents of traditional systems of medicine. Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth., commonly known as Indian Siris, is a plant native to Indian subcontinent and is used in alternative systems of medicine including Ayurveda, Siddha, and Yunani. The plant is used as a medicine in different countries of the world, including Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Philippines, Taiwan, and Tibet. The bark of the plant is made use of in the treatment of diseased conditions like bronchitis, leprosy, paralysis, gum inflammation, and helminthic infections in Ayurveda. The anti-anaphylactic, anti-asthmatic, anti-diarrheal, anti-spermatogenic, and anxiolytic activities of the plant are already scientifically proven. The bark of the plant is also well known for its anti-allergic, anti-Alzheimer’s, anti-cancerous, anti-diabetic, anti-microbicidal, antioxidant, antiparasitic, antiparkinsonian, antipyretic, antivenomic, estrogenic and wound healing activities. Though the plant is included in the least concern category by the IUCN, the geographical abundance of the plant varies in different regions affecting its availability. As concerned with the present scenario, in which many medicinal plants are disappearing rapidly, it is the need of the hour to emphasise the need to find and explore plants with similar essential values and properties. The application of substitutes (‘Pratinidhi Dravyas’) for the original drug had been quoted earlier in different Ayurveda classics, but the fundamental basis on which they are selected had not been mentioned anywhere. Most of the drug materials are being collected from the wild with the support of local collectors. The restricted distribution of the plant, phenotypic variability, and misidentification had led to the intentional and unintentional use of adulterants apart from the substitutes mentioned in Ayurveda texts. Hence the scientific validation of the drugs used and its authenticity had become an indispensable requisite to maintain the sustainable ethics of the system of medicine. The substitutes used should be tested using newer technologies, and the properties of the substitutes should be compared with those of the original plant material. An analysis of the toxicity or side effects of the drug on targeted living organisms has to be clearly done with precision before human consumption. Different substitutes for the bark of A. lebbeck used in Ayurveda are articulated using different literature. Furthermore, the taxonomic, phytochemical, pharmacological, pharmacognostic, and toxicity aspects and the prospective for the scientific validation of the substitutes are discussed in the study. The study might throw light on the beneficial knowledge of plant-based substitute drugs in the alternative fields of medicine.


Resmi A. holds a Bachelor Degree in Botany being graduated in the year 2008 from Sree Narayana College for Women, affiliated to the University of Kerala and had completed her Post Graduation in Botany in 2010 from Government College for Women Thiruvananthapuram, affiliated to the University of Kerala. After that she had qualified the National Eligibility Test conducted by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. Before joining as Assistant Professor in Botany at Sree Narayana College for Women, Kollam in 2016 she had her expertise in working as Assistant Professor on Contract at Sree Narayana College Kollam, Kerala (2014) and St Johns College Anchal, Kerala (2015). Currently she is working as Assistant Professor in Sree Narayana College, Punalur. She has been currently actively engaged and extensively exploring in pursuing research degree focussing on phytochemistry, pharmacognosy and toxicity of herbal drugs under the guidance of Dr. Jithesh Krishnan R., Associate Professor, Post Graduate and Research Department of Botany, NSS College Pandalam, Kerala, India. She has two publications to her credit. She is a lifetime member of Centre for Innovation in Science and Social Action (CISSA) and Kerala Academy of Sciences (KAS).

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