A plant's proteins play a crucial role in its survival and response to environmental challenges. The study of the protein population in a tissue, cell, or subcellular compartment is known as proteomics. A proteome is a collection of proteins produced by an organism's genome. Proteomics has become a critical tool for deciphering the molecular roles of biological processes.
For the refinement and characterisation of a phenotype, phenomics is the systematic measurement and study of qualitative and quantitative features, including clinical, biochemical, and imaging approaches. Phenomics is a method that allows for high-throughput, non-destructive phenotyping of crops in response to a variety of abiotic stressors.