Seeds account for more than 70% of all food consumed directly by humans. The rest of the plant items we eat are likewise grown from seeds.
Seed science is the study of the structure and development of seeds from the moment the egg cell on the maternal plant is fertilised until the seed is formed into a new plant. Carpology, which investigates the seeds and fruits of wild plants, and the other branch, which investigates the seeds of domesticated plants, are the two sections of seed science.
Seed sciences and technologies ensure that high-quality seeds are generated, processed, and maintained. The goal is to raise the quality of the seeds that farmers plant as well as the food plants that people and livestock consume.