Agronomy is the science and technology of growing and harvesting plants for fuel, food, fibre, recreation, and land restoration. Plant genetics, plant physiology, meteorology, and soil science are all included in the field of agronomy. It is the application of a variety of sciences including subjects like biology, chemistry, economics, ecology, geology, and genetics. Agronomists are those who work in the field of agronomy.
Agricultural research appears to be the world's oldest form of organised research. Agricultural research is described as any research activity aiming at enhancing crop output and quality through genetic improvement, improved plant protection, irrigation, storage systems, farm mechanisation, efficient marketing, and better resource management.