The study of interactions among biological components using models and/or networks to integrate genes, metabolites, proteins, regulatory elements, and other biological components is known as plant systems biology. Postgenomic omics technologies such as microarrays for high-throughput collection of large-scale data are linked but not synonymous with systems biology.
Synthetic biology is a branch of research that entails reengineering organisms in order to remodel them for beneficial purposes. Researchers and organizations all across the world are using synthetic biology to solve challenges in medical, manufacturing, and agriculture. Synthetic biology initiatives often aim to redesign organisms so that they generate a substance, such as a medicine or fuel, or develop a new ability, such as sensing something in the environment.